Today, it’s difficult to envision a world without the Internet. More than 50 million individuals use it daily, which is growing. Effective, quality-driven web architecture has become the de-facto definition of a great product. A well-thought-out architecture with an intuitive interface ensures a seamless user experience. The web application architecture is a “skeleton” blueprint showing how application components, middleware systems, user interfaces, and databases interact.
You must realize what makes good architecture to avoid paying a lot of money to design an application. Is your design suitable for the future? Can it sustain the market or be scaled? How can one choose which features and elements to include in a web application? Continue reading to see why a skeleton for your future web application is essential.
The importance of a good web application architecture cannot be overstated. It is the first step towards creating a compelling product that can provide numerous benefits to your business, including:
The terms software architecture and application architecture are usually mixed up. As a result, we’d want to go through the contrasts between the two:
The web application architecture has two main components:
User interface components are part of a web application’s visual interface and have no connection to the architecture. They are limited to displaying a web page and include activity logs, configuration settings, dashboards, statistics, widgets, notifications, and other features that improve the user experience.
There are three main layers to web app architecture:
The basic logic layer is where all the business rules are defined. Users and developers will use this layer to define how data should be stored, retrieved, and processed.
The data access layer is where all the business logic and database interactions are defined. Users and developers will use this layer to define how data should be stored, retrieved, filtered, sorted, grouped, and processed.
Data is transferred from the server to the primary layer via the data service layer. It bridges the server and the display layer, separating business logic from client logic.
It’s usually a good idea to choose the best architecture for your app while keeping many things in mind, such as app logic, features, functionality, and business requirements. The objective of your product as a whole is defined by its architecture. A few common ones are:
SPAs load a single web page and refresh the needed data on the same page with dynamically updated information rather than loading a new page. The remainder of the website is unaffected.
A multi-page application (MPA) is an app that loads all of its content from multiple HTML files. This type of architecture may be used for applications with large data sets, such as e-commerce or enterprise apps.
Microservices architecture is a software design pattern in which applications are composed of small, loosely coupled services. These services communicate with each other using well-defined APIs.
Serverless architecture is an application architecture in which a cloud service handles the functions that are not required to be run on a server. This type of architecture may be used for applications with large data sets.
A rapid Application Development stack is a set of tools and technologies used to build web applications. The RAD stack is designed to be used by developers who are unfamiliar with the technologies involved and do not require any knowledge of programming languages.
This is a type of application architecture that Google first developed. It is an app that can be installed on any device and will have the same user experience. The PWA architecture is best suited for applications that require a high level of user engagement and interactivity, such as chat apps.
The architecture of online applications, like the Internet itself, is constantly changing. During the era of Web 1.0, the fundamental model of web application architecture appeared. However, it took on its current form with the introduction of Web 2.0 and Web 3.0. The model and type of web application architecture one picks significantly impact an online application’s robustness, responsiveness, security, and other characteristics. As a result, before beginning development, spend time examining all requirements, goals, and options.
The architecture of a modern web application is inextricably linked to its success. Maintaining changing requirements is complex, and even a tiny blunder can cost your product’s life. A competent and experienced architect is needed to design a modern web application architecture that understands the limitations and challenges that come with it.
Web application development fuels the growth of an online business. They are an excellent way to interact with your customers quickly. They are cost-effective and help you efficiently manage your business.
To know more about web application development, keep on reading. Here we have a comprehensive guide on the topic.
A web application is a program or software stored on a remote server and accessed using any web browser. Anyone with active internet can access it.
These web apps have a front end (client-side) where the user enters their data and a back end (server-side) where the data is stored and processed. Many huge websites like Facebook, LinkedIn, and content management systems have web apps that help you access these sites through browsers. If you’ve used your laptop to access these sites, you have already used a web app.
Here’s a simple step-by-step guide on the working of a web application
|Types of Web Apps||Example|
|Static Web Apps||SoundCloud. Flickr. Sketchfab|
|Dynamic Web Apps||Facebook, Twitter|
|Animated Web Apps||YouTube|
|Content Management Systems||WordPress, Squarespace|
|E-Commerce Apps||Flipkart, Meesho|
|Portal Web Apps||Razorpay, State Bank of India payment gateway|
|Progressive Web apps||YouTube|
Web applications are often compared to native and hybrid apps. While web apps are responsive remote software dependent on web browsers, hybrid and native apps are downloaded from the play store. Web apps are not as expensive as mobile apps and hence could prove to be a cost-effective way to test the waters for a new and upcoming business or a business idea. Native apps are created to operate only on one platform, either iOS or Android. They provide an excellent user experience and deliver fantastic performance.
On the other hand, hybrid apps are suitable for all platforms. They have the advantage of being more cost-efficient and require low maintenance. Since native apps are separately built for various platforms, their cost is usually higher than hybrid apps.
Check out the table to know web apps’ various advantages and disadvantages.
|No need to download||Dependent on the web browser|
|Minimum need for updates||Lack of security|
|It runs on any OS||It needs a quality website|
|Easily customizable||Poor performance|
A website is a collection of web pages typically owned by an individual or an organization. They usually contain text, images, infographics, audio, and video. The information on them is static and isn’t made for interaction. They do not require any kind of authentication. Websites are made for one-way interaction.
A web application is an interactive piece of software that can be accessed with the help of web browsers. Web app users can manipulate the data on them. Some examples of web apps are Amazon, LinkedIn, Facebook, etc. They require authentication.
A web application architecture is a total of how the various components of a web app will interact with each other, the user interface, servers, and everything else in the system. Like the architecture of a house, it works as the blueprint of how the web application works.
A well-planned web application architecture can save your time and make the whole process a hassle-free affair. In addition, it helps to implement customer feedback and optimize the whole experience much more quickly.
Web application development is the process of development of web applications. It combines the client-side to the server-side to develop a web app accessible through a web browser.
The work here starts right from the identification of a specific problem that we are trying to solve. It also includes developing, testing, launching, and maintaining the web app.
There are several benefits of web application and development
Web apps are developed to support across platforms. They run smoothly on all OS like Windows, Android, and iOS. They are not dependent on any particular OS.
Web apps require minimum maintenance, contributing to their low costs. They reduce expenses by eliminating the need for hardware purchases and software updates.
Unlike mobile apps that require frequent updates to fix bugs and other issues, a web app is free from frequent updates. Also, the whole process of web app update is simplified as it only needs a server update.
Due to effortless customizations, it is easy to have bespoke features in web apps. Developers can also focus only on the required features, thereby cutting the overall cost in the process.
You don’t need to go to a play store like Google Play or Apple store to download web apps. This saves both time and money. Also, it does not require space on your mobile or computer.
One of the most widely used tools, GitHub allows developers to share, collaborate, and work on open-source projects. It is a massive library for open-source collaboration.
Microsoft’s free, open-source code editor is a fantastic tool for web application development. Visual Studio Code is also beneficial for backend functions as it works in Python.
Redis is the tool of choice for large organizations like Twitter and Pinterest as it can easily handle large databases. It supports most programming languages, which is another reason for its popularity.
Sublime Text is a cross-platform code editor which is widely popular as it supports multiple programming and markup languages.
Apache provides excellent customization options and user-friendliness. It is used to connect the server side with the client side.
MySQL is one of the most widely used open-source relational databases. It is free, easy to set up, and even easier to work with. This is why it is one of the top choices for back-end developers.
Laragon is a potent tool for modern applications. Laragon comes pre-installed with several popular applications like MySQL, Apache, Node.js, PHP, etc.
There are two types of frameworks; backend and front end. They combine to provide an excellent user experience for users and become an invaluable asset to businesses.
Front-end frameworks provide a seamless and memorable user experience. They focus on the visual elements of a web application. Some of the most popular front-end frameworks are vue.js, react.js, angular, jquery, and Backbone Js.
The back-end framework is concerned with the web application’s server-side- one hidden from the users.
The whole process of web app development is done in the following six steps;
In this step, we thoroughly analyze all the requirements for the project’s success. We consider the problem we’re trying to solve, our target audience, and the best possible solution for them. This helps save both time and money as you already have a blueprint to work with.
The planning phase discusses the features you need to have in your web app based on all the information gathered in the previous phase. This step makes a detailed outline of the web app’s inner workings. The client can review the framework, and based on the feedback, changes are included. But user interface and user experience are not a part of this step; that comes next.
This step provides an excellent user experience (UX) through a user-friendly user interface (UI). In this step, you can get a good look at how the project will look in the end, including the colors, logos, and images. The primary goal is to ensure the user has an easy and memorable experience with the web app.
All the static parts are added first. After which, the unique and animated features are added through some more coding.
Testing is the most critical and holistic part of the process. Every element is individually checked to ensure there are no faulty ones. Cross-platform compatibility is also checked.
Once checking everything thoroughly, the next step is choosing a popular cloud hosting service like Amazon, MS Azure, and Google cloud. After uploading everything to the server, one final check is done to ensure everything is working perfectly.
The web application development process does not end with the product launch. To properly maintain the web app, you must fix bugs and implement new changes according to customer feedback. The top priority here is to make those changes as fast as possible.
Although web apps don’t require as many updates as mobile apps, they still need updates to fix bugs and decrease security risks.
Recent technological advancements are usually a good indicator of what the future holds for a sector. Looking at how Artificial Intelligence and blockchain technology are making their way into this sector, the future looks bright. Progressive web apps combine the latest technology with web apps.
As more and more businesses come online, web application development will become a more potent tool. It will provide a competitive edge to businesses in a competitive market by retaining customers and a cost-effective MVP alternative. This will fuel the growth of web application development which is already on an upwards curve.
Web application development is an excellent way for your business to reach out to more customers. Creating an MVP product like a web app helps you test the water without burning a lot of your funds. It also provides brand visibility, better customer support, and increased customer loyalty.
Q1. What are web app development requirements?
A. The web app development requirements are a thorough analysis of the target audience’s pain points, a solution to the problem, features to be included, layout and design to work with, and a server.
Q2: What is the difference between web and mobile apps?
A. A mobile app is downloaded from stores like Apple store and Google play. But there is no need to download a web app.
Q3: What are Native Apps?
A. Native apps are designed for a specific platform like iOS or Android. They are faster than hybrid apps.
Q4: What are hybrid apps?
A. Hybrid apps are suitable for any platform. They combine the characteristics of native apps with web apps.
Q5: What is a web application server?
A. A web application server is a program that responds to requests from clients for static content.
Frontend frameworks are essential for any Web Developer. There are several front-end development frameworks available to web developers today. In this article, we will look at some of the best frameworks and discuss the pros and cons of each. We will also provide tips on choosing the right one for your next project.
Vue.js framework effectively removes the complexities encountered by Angular developers by providing two significant benefits: a visual Document object model or Record Item Prototype and component-based programming with two-way binding. Vue.js can be used to create web applications, mobile applications, and progressive web applications.
|It is user-friendly, even for beginners.||Currently in its development stage, so has a small community.|
|The how-to guide of the framework is so profoundly written that it makes it more accessible.||Most of its content is in Chinese, which creates a language barrier.|
|It supports complex as well as simple projects.||Though it can handle large projects, the barriers do not allow the framework to proceed correctly.|
It should be used for more straightforward and more flexible projects. It can also be used when you have to create a project from scratch.
This framework is not suggested to use if you hope to solve your problems by the team, as it is still in its development phase; the group is small.
Facebook developed and created the open-source framework React. As per Stack Overflow Developer’s survey 2021, this framework is the most acceptable UI framework of 2022, and most frontend developers use it. Its team was concerned with achieving excellent performance by developing a helpful user interface. The primary goal was to address code maintainability issues caused by the app’s constant feature additions.
|React allows users to utilize a previously created element in their code. This makes collaboration and using these elements in the other parts of the application easier.||Only used for user interface development.|
|The use of its 3d Image allows for smooth performance and guarantees that even elevated applications render quickly.||This is not the best option for small projects.|
|Increased productivity and upkeep. Changes to the application are simple to implement.||Undecided – it’s up to you to decide on the structure and style guide.|
React is an excellent frontend framework for creating a web application with a sense of connection and frequently changing states. Because of its innovative use of the Virtual DOM, the web app can respond to user input rapidly and dynamically deliver the UI.
Angular is a TypeScript-based single framework built and supported by Google. Its predecessor, AngularJS, was established in 2010 and is no longer being developed. The framework includes two-way content binding, which helps create web and mobile applications. This framework consists of a control interface CLI and a graphical user interface GUI, making it easy for beginners to learn.
|Reduces code because most key characteristics, like two-way data binding, are included by default.||Relocating legacy AngularJS schemes to Angular.|
|Strong community, excellent training materials, and so on.||The tooling is impressive, but the learning curve is steep.|
|Dependency injectors enable developers to detach interdependent code components and reuse them.||Dynamic applications can occasionally lag and underperform.|
Angular is the go-to site front-end framework when developing a significant corporate web page or a large-scale complex infrastructure project.
When developing a simple application with just a tiny team, Angular could appear overwhelming and complicated, so it’s probably best to go with a more straightforward framework.
Ember is so old that it precedes all of the frameworks discussed above. True, Ember.js has seen a significant decrease in usage over the ages. However, it remains a strong candidate for productive developing apps using the MVC architecture.
|A URL-focused strategy||EmberJS updates are pretty slow, and the syntax is complex.|
|Well-organized||A small and unpopular community.|
Ember is an excellent solution for developing complex and feature-rich client-side single-page web applications.
It can appear too large for small projects/teams and intimidating for small operations like creating simple UIs or coding simple AJAX services.
This is the most popular open-source toolkit for frontend development. It was launched in 2011 and provided developers with significant flexibility in customizing various features to meet the client’s needs.
|The grid system responds quickly.||It takes some effort and time to become acquainted with a grid system.|
Spotify, Twitter, Udemy, Robinhood, Lyft, and many other companies employ Bootstrap, a great choice among web development frameworks. It could be used to construct user-friendly and visually appealing interfaces.
Bootstrap is a robust toolset. It provides basic HTML and CSS layout templates that include many essential UI components. Most of the significant dangers are described in the Bootstrap manual, although other errors are subtle or have confusing causes.
|Facilitation of dynamic content.||Nowadays, numerous jQuery alternatives perform far better.|
|Development is ongoing, with significant API documentation.||Large download sizes slow download times.|
|The DOM can be modified by adding or deleting elements.||The operating speed is moderate.|
Unlike many recent frameworks, jQuery lacks a data layer, so you must always access and alter the DOM directly, complicating the process.
|Adding and customizing extended functionality and current visualization sets is straightforward and convenient.||The visualization chart collection can be expanded.|
|It takes some getting used to, but it can eventually be employed across several similar problems with minor modifications.||When working with massive datasets, it is pretty slow.|
D3 isn’t the most remarkable toolbox for creating templated visuals. Other toolkits would serve you better if you merely need to construct a bar graph or anything simple and don’t require much customization.
|It is simple to set up.||Documentation can be time-consuming at times.|
|Fairly basic.||Understanding CSS property information necessitates more work.|
It can be used when you have short documentation to be done and also for fast projects too.
This framework could not handle fundamental yet straightforward, complex, and more loaded files.
|It is light and fast, with a set of six charts and an 11Kb gzipped size that reduces load time and page effect.||There is a restriction on the features available and the freedom of employing alternative options.|
|The flexible charts are efficient in that they can resize to fit the width of a viewport.||Canvas and non-vector formats, which are bitmap-based, have the same difficulties.|
This framework could be used for projects with higher load time, reducing the load time and the page effect.
This framework might show difficulties with alternative options and not work well with complex projects.
Backbone.js is another popular light framework for developing online apps based on the MVC paradigm. There are vast API libraries that feature functions, declarative event processing, and views. With an efficient API and declarative event handling, building web apps with models is simple for key-value binding and customized events and collections.
|When minified and zipped, the file is about 7.6kb in size.||It does not allow bidirectional data binding.|
|In-depth tutorials that are well-organized.||Architecture can be challenging to understand at times.|
Hulu, NextCloud, Pandora, Trello, and Soundcloud, among many others, employ Backbone.js, one of the most acceptable frontend frameworks of 2022.
It’s difficult to imagine a situation where Backbone.js would be aggressively discouraged: while its popularity is declining, it remains a practical, flexible, and robust tool for experienced front-end engineers.
There is no such thing as the best frontend framework. The framework you choose, though, might make or kill your project. As a result, it is critical to thoroughly examine all features of the most prominent front-end frameworks before making an informed decision.
Proper and thorough documentation and books, tutorials, and articles introduce you to various examples and topics. There may be occasions when a real-life example of the same or a similar project is needed to ascertain the implementation.
Make an in-depth feature comparison of the framework of your selection and other choices. Please read the documentation and keep an eye out for their collection of features. If you’ve worked with the other web frontend frameworks in 2022, this phase will be simple to compare.
A time-tested and maintained framework is significantly more valuable to a company than the bleeding edge. As a result, popularity is crucial. The more popular a framework, the easier it is to troubleshoot issues and obtain online help. One can readily get assistance using sites, including StackOverflow and other forums.
Before you begin front-end development, you should evaluate the usability of your chosen front-end framework. As you get closer to that framework’s essential qualities, capabilities, and weaknesses, you cannot be sure.
|Name of the framework||Type||Data Binding||DOM||Language|
Learning by doing is essential for any aspiring developer!! Because there are so many frontend frameworks to pick from, you may be unsure which one to use. In all circumstances, it is best to assess the issue statement and select the appropriate framework for the project. New frameworks are constantly being developed aside from the already created frameworks that are establishing deeper roots in the market.
To summarize, I would share my knowledge and experience on when and how to use which framework and when not to use one for each top front-end framework’s specialization. Depending on your project’s needs and suitability, you can utilize any of the frameworks listed below.
1. Which Framework is Best for Web Development?
Factors such as firm size and income range utilization, awareness, simplicity of use, the show of interest, and reach will decide the most successful front-end development frameworks. In 2022, the leading front-end frameworks will be React, Vue.js, jQuery, Ember.js, Backbone.js, Semantic-UI, and Angular.
2. Which front-end frameworks are difficult to learn?
The most challenging framework to be used currently is D3.js.
3. Which front-end frameworks are more accessible?
Angular, React, Vue, Preact, Ember, and other top front-end frameworks are available. However, Vue is the most accessible and user-friendly of all the available frameworks. Furthermore, the popularity of Vue’s front-end framework is currently at an all-time high.
4. When should I use the front-end framework?
Front-end frameworks simplify your web development program and help you create it better. So these can be used when you need to develop your web faster.